Calcium-dependent regulation of actin filament bundling by lipocortin-85

N W Ikebuchi, D M Waisman
1990 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Lipocortin-85 (L-85, calpactin-I/lipocortin-II heterotetramer) binds to F-actin in the presence of calcium with high affinity and in a cooperative manner. Quantitative analysis of binding curves indicate an apparent Kd (L-85) of 0.226 microM +/- 0.153 (2 S.D., n = 3), a stoichiometry of L-85/actin of 1:1.9 and a Hill coefficient of 1.37 +/- 0.14 (2 S.D., n = 3). Large anisotropic bundles were visualized by electron microscopy under these conditions, and quantitation of bundling by both low
more » ... ng by both low speed sedimentation and light scattering yielded apparent Kd values between 0.12 and 0.27 microM L-85. Filament bundling was dependent upon calcium, and the calcium sensitivity was increased by raising the molar ratio of lipocortin-85/F-actin. At saturating levels of L-85, apparent K0.5 values of 0.1-2 microM Ca2+f were obtained. The monomeric heavy chain, lipocortin-II, bundled F-actin to a much lesser extent and at much higher concentrations than for lipocortin-85. Bundling of F-actin by lipocortin-I was not detected at molar ratios of lipocortin-I to actin as high as 2.5 mol/mol (lipocortin-I/actin). At 5-10 microM Ca2+f and saturating levels of L-85, F-actin bundling progressed very rapidly with a t0.5 of 6 s. The process was quickly reversed by the addition of excess EGTA, and bundles could be reformed by the addition of a second burst of 5-10 microM Ca2+f. Thus, our data suggest that lipocortin-85 can rapidly regulate F-actin bundling in a calcium-dependent manner at physiologically relevant calcium levels.
pmid:2137457 fatcat:vh6gxzoz3bempfumbgfvvnqkyq