Future Spot Rate: The Implications in Indonesia
Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi
Investors, multinational companies and governments require a rate forecasting to make informed decisions about the hedging of debts and receivables, funding and short-term investments, capital budgeting and long-term financing. The process of making forecasting from market indicators, known as market-based forecasting, is usually developed based on spot rates and forward rates. The current spot rate can be used as forecasting, as the exchange rate reflects the market estimate of the spot rate
... a short period of time. The forward rate is used in forecasting, as the exchange rate reflects the market estimate of the spot rate at the end of the forecasting period. Based on the research conducted by Chiang (1986) of the samples used, empirical evidence indicates spot rates and forward rates are significant as predictors of future spots. Empirical evidence suggests that spot rates provide better forecasting results compared to forward rates. The research uses regression models for market-based forecasting methods. The variables used in this study are spot rates, forward rates and future spots. The samples used are from Bank Indonesia for spot rates in January – March 2019 and future spot in April – June 2019, and from Jakarta Futures exchange for forward rates in January – March 2019. The Stochastic and Chow Test models are selected and their use has been evaluated using quality and precise testing measures. Based on the sample period used, empirical evidence suggests that spot rates and forward rates are significant in predicting future spots for EUR, JPY and AUD currencies. Current spot rates provide better forecasting results in predicting Future spot compared to the forward rate. Both the 15Ft"> and 15St"> coefficient are sensitive to new information from the variation of the coefficient and time, it can increase the forecasting of the equation to each currency exchange rate used. The study states that variables from time series should be effectively utilized and utilized in predicting currency exchange rates, as this research demonstrates the absence of dependence on time series Can be concluded that foreign exchange rates in each country follow a pattern that is not stationary. The spot Euro exchange rate turns out to be statistically more accurate with an error rate of 0.004144% forecasting with the value of regression coefficient of Euro exchange rate is a Future Spot = 21.504,88 – 0.341229Spot + 15et+1"> .