Spiking Dynamics of Bidimensional Integrate-and-Fire Neurons

Jonathan Touboul, Romain Brette
2009 SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems  
Spiking neuron models are hybrid dynamical systems combining differential equations and discrete resets, which generate complex dynamics. Several two-dimensional spiking models have been recently introduced, modelling the membrane potential and an additional variable, and where spikes are defined by the divergence of the membrane potential variable to infinity. These simple models reproduce a large number of electrophysiological features displayed by real neurons, such as spike frequency
more » ... ke frequency adaptation and bursting. The patterns of spikes, which are the discontinuity points of the hybrid dynamical system, have been mainly studied numerically. Here we show that the spike patterns are related to orbits under a discrete map, the adaptation map, and we study its dynamics and bifurcations. Regular spiking corresponds to fixed points of the adaptation map while bursting corresponds to periodic orbits. We find that the models undergo a transition to chaos via a cascade of period adding bifurcations. Finally, we discuss the physiological relevance of our results with regard to electrophysiological classes. Résumé : Spiking neuron models are hybrid dynamical systems combining differential equations and discrete resets, which generate complex dynamics. Several two-dimensional spiking models have been recently introduced, modelling the membrane potential and an additional variable, and where spikes are defined by the divergence of the membrane potential variable to infinity. These simple models reproduce a large number of electrophysiological features displayed by real neurons, such as spike frequency adaptation and bursting. The patterns of spikes, which are the discontinuity points of the hybrid dynamical system, have been mainly studied numerically. Here we show that the spike patterns are related to orbits under a discrete map, the adaptation map, and we study its dynamics and bifurcations. Regular spiking corresponds to fixed points of the adaptation map while bursting corresponds to periodic orbits. We find that the models undergo a transition to chaos via a cascade of period adding bifurcations. Finally, we discuss the physiological relevance of our results with regard to electrophysiological classes.
doi:10.1137/080742762 fatcat:2zmdz4setzampeoqe4xpedwoz4