Severity of Disease Estimation and Risk-Adjustment for Comparison of Outcomes in Mechanically Ventilated Patients Using Electronic Routine Care Data

Maaike S. M. van Mourik, Karel G. M. Moons, Michael V. Murphy, Marc J. M. Bonten, Michael Klompas
2015 Infection control and hospital epidemiology  
BACKGROUND Valid comparison between hospitals for benchmarking or pay-for-performance incentives requires accurate correction for underlying disease severity (case-mix). However, existing models are either very simplistic or require extensive manual data collection. OBJECTIVE To develop a disease severity prediction model based solely on data routinely available in electronic health records for risk-adjustment in mechanically ventilated patients. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS
more » ... tudy. PARTICIPANTS Mechanically ventilated patients from a single tertiary medical center (2006–2012). METHODS Predictors were extracted from electronic data repositories (demographic characteristics, laboratory tests, medications, microbiology results, procedure codes, and comorbidities) and assessed for feasibility and generalizability of data collection. Models for in-hospital mortality of increasing complexity were built using logistic regression. Estimated disease severity from these models was linked to rates of ventilator-associated events. RESULTS A total of 20,028 patients were initiated on mechanical ventilation, of whom 3,027 deceased in hospital. For models of incremental complexity, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve ranged from 0.83 to 0.88. A simple model including demographic characteristics, type of intensive care unit, time to intubation, blood culture sampling, 8 common laboratory tests, and surgical status achieved an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.87 (95% CI, 0.86–0.88) with adequate calibration. The estimated disease severity was associated with occurrence of ventilator-associated events. CONCLUSIONS Accurate estimation of disease severity in ventilated patients using electronic, routine care data was feasible using simple models. These estimates may be useful for risk-adjustment in ventilated patients. Additional research is necessary to validate and refine these models. Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 2015;36(7):807–815
doi:10.1017/ice.2015.75 pmid:25881675 fatcat:okodxw2xtncfvgncsg4zdq7foy