Toxoplasmosis - Underestimated Risk (Bfr-Leaflet) [report]

German Federal Institute For Risk Assessment
2010 Zenodo  
Infection with toxoplasmins (toxoplasmosis) is one of the most frequent parasitic infections in the world. However, in most cases it goes undetected. The pathogen Toxoplasma gondii can attack all warm-blooded animals, including birds. Once the pathogen has reached the host organism, it normally remains throughout its host's lifetime in the tissue of muscles and the nervous system. Hence, toxoplasmins may be found in raw foods of animal origin like minced meat and raw sausage products.
more » ... products. Infectious pathogen stages (oocysts) are also excreted in the faeces of infected cats. They can be widely distributed by rain and surface water and survive for a long time in the environment. This is how these oocysts can also reach fruit, vegetables and drinking water. Heating, i.e. boiling, roasting, frying or pasteurising, reliably kills all development stages of the parasite. By contrast, it can survive for several weeks at fridge temperatures. Toxoplasmins may still even be infectious under certain circumstances at deep-frozen temperatures.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.582509 fatcat:b43723obsffxxlk64vxqrjlhyq