Stromal Fibroblast–Specific Expression of ADAM-9 Modulates Proliferation and Apoptosis in Melanoma Cells In Vitro and In Vivo

Anna N. Abety, Jay W. Fox, Alexander Schönefuß, Jan Zamek, Jenny Landsberg, Thomas Krieg, Carl Blobel, Cornelia Mauch, Paola Zigrino
2012 Journal of Investigative Dermatology  
ADAMs are members of the zinc metalloproteinase superfamily characterized by the presence of disintegrin and metalloprotease domains. In human melanoma, ADAM-9 is expressed in focalized areas of the tumor-stroma border in both melanoma and stromal cells. However, the role of ADAM-9 in melanoma progression remains elusive. To analyze the role of stromal-derived ADAM-9 for the growth and survival of melanoma cells, we have used in vitro coculture systems of melanoma cells and ADAM-9 À/À
more » ... s. Coculture of melanoma cells in the presence of ADAM-9 À/À fibroblasts led to increased melanoma cell proliferation and reduced apoptosis as compared with control cocultures. We identified TIMP-1 and sTNFRI as the two relevant factors expressed in increased amounts in culture supernatants from ADAM-9 À/À fibroblasts. TIMP-1 was associated with induced melanoma cell proliferation, whereas soluble TNFR1 mediated the reduced cellular apoptosis in vitro. In vivo, injection of murine melanoma cells into the flank of ADAM-9 À/À animals resulted in the development of significantly larger tumors than in wild-type animals as a result of increased proliferation and decreased apoptosis of melanoma cells. Taken together, stromal expression of ADAM-9 during melanoma development modulates the expression of TIMP-1 and sTNFR1, which in turn affect tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis.
doi:10.1038/jid.2012.153 pmid:22622419 fatcat:af7gimx5unbprcc46l6tuisqta