THE THREE-STAGE MODEL OF VOLUNTEERS' DURATION OF SERVICE

Fernando Chacón, María Luisa Vecina, María Celeste Dávila
2007 Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal  
The main objective of this paper was to describe the latest results of a longitudinal study carried out by our research team with a sample of social work volunteers, whose one-year follow-up has just been completed, allowing us to draw up what we have called the "Threestage model of volunteers' duration". Use of this model overcomes some of the apparent contradictions between the different models of volunteerism. For example, for the Functional Model, motivations, and more specifically their
more » ... ecifically their satisfaction, would be the best predictors of service duration, however, for the Role Identity Model, what best predicts service duration would be role identity. We assume that in the initial phase of volunteerism, motivations and their satisfaction are more closely related to service duration than role identity. Nevertheless, to predict longer duration of service and greater involvement, the fundamental variable is organizational commitment. Finally, the Role Identity Model is that which best explains sustained volunteerism. Regarding volunteerism, there are two practical and important questions. First, how do you attract volunteers to join an organization? Second, how do you keep them for a long time? We address the second one because of the high drop-out SOCIAL
doi:10.2224/sbp.2007.35.5.627 fatcat:luzjwux3hzhcrigvgpnmzt2zym