The Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Chest Imaging of COVID-19 Patients: A Literature Review

Maria Elena Laino, Angela Ammirabile, Alessandro Posa, Pierandrea Cancian, Sherif Shalaby, Victor Savevski, Emanuele Neri
2021 Diagnostics  
Diagnostic imaging is regarded as fundamental in the clinical work-up of patients with a suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection. Recent progress has been made in diagnostic imaging with the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) algorisms leading to an increase in the accuracy of exam interpretation and to the extraction of prognostic information useful in the decision-making process. Considering the ever expanding imaging data generated amid this pandemic,
more » ... D-19 has catalyzed the rapid expansion in the application of AI to combat disease. In this context, many recent studies have explored the role of AI in each of the presumed applications for COVID-19 infection chest imaging, suggesting that implementing AI applications for chest imaging can be a great asset for fast and precise disease screening, identification and characterization. However, various biases should be overcome in the development of further ML-based algorithms to give them sufficient robustness and reproducibility for their integration into clinical practice. As a result, in this literature review, we will focus on the application of AI in chest imaging, in particular, deep learning, radiomics and advanced imaging as quantitative CT.
doi:10.3390/diagnostics11081317 fatcat:prsewme7s5hojmb4rzk2sfgwa4