Adsorption of Benzene by "Green" functionalization of Montmorillonite

Hirra Anjum, Mansoor Abdullah Obaid, Muhammad Yasir Shamim, Thanabalan Murugesan, S.A. Aljunid, M.A.A. Mohd Salleh, C.B.M. Rashidi, P.J. Soh, K.N.F. Ku Azir
2018 MATEC Web of Conferences  
The capacity of organically modified Montmorillonite (MMT) clay to adsorb nonpolar organic compound (benzene) in an aqueous solution, was investigated under the batch process. MMT was pretreated (centrifuged) and then functionalized with green intercalating agent i.e. 1hexyl-3-methyl imadazolium chloride [HMim] [Cl]. The characterization through Fourir Transoform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM)
more » ... ed the presence of the oxygen containing functional groups, changes in melting point and variation in the morphological properties. The governing parameters for the sorption of benzene such as the effect of contact time, pH, adsorbent dose and rotation were studied. The kinetic data conformed to pseuodo 2 nd order kinetic model and the isotherm experimental data were a better fit to Langmuir model with maximum adsorption capacity of 588.23mg/g under experimental conditions. Overall, MMT intercalated with 1-hexyl-3methyl imadazolium chloride is a promising environmental friendly adsorbent for the abatement of benzene in an aqueous solution.
doi:10.1051/matecconf/201815002001 fatcat:jozhntk4qfachgkgsjhixeqale