Lightweight Convolutional Neural Network based on singularity ROI for fingerprint classification

Wen Jian, Yujie Zhou, Hongming Liu
2020 IEEE Access  
Fingerprint classification is a significant guarantee for efficient and accurate fingerprint recognition, especially when dealing with one-to-many fingerprint recognition. However, due to large intra-class variability, small inter-class variability, and noise, existing fingerprint classification algorithms still require further improvement in performance and efficiency. In this paper, a Lightweight CNN (Convolutional Neural Network) structure based on singularity ROI (region of interest) is
more » ... osed. The experimental results show that the accuracy on testing set of the proposed structure achieves 93%, which is far better than classic non-NN (neural network) classifiers, including RF(Random Forest), KNN (K-Nearest-Neighbor), LR (Logistic Regression), Linear SVM (Support Vector Machine), and RBF (Radial Basis Function) SVM. More momentously, compared with other three CNN structures published in recent years, the proposed structure achieves similar or even better performance with 1/12 to 1/38 parameter scale of other structures, which helps to proceed faster training and testing. Moreover, the proposed CNN model with fewer neurons can achieve better suppression of overfitting and robustness to noise. INDEX TERMS Fingerprint classification, SVM, KNN, lightweight, convolutional neural network. 54554 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ VOLUME 8, 2020
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2981515 fatcat:ekr2xlyswfgc3d4rcs6xkfwu54