New acquisitions in the physiopathology of multiple myeloma: role of the bone microenvironment

Nicola Giuliani, Vittorio Rizzoli
2008 Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia  
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy characterized by the accumulation of malignant plasma cells within the bone marrow (BM). MM cells interact with the microenvironment and induce pathological modifications that in turn support the growth and survival of MM cells. The BM microenvironment consists of various extracellular matrix proteins, and cell components as haematopoietic stem cells, progenitor and precursor cells, immune cells, erythrocytes, BM stromal cells (BMSCs), BM
more » ... lial cells, as well as osteoclasts and osteoblasts that are able to secret several growth factors for MM cells. The direct interactions of MM cells with the microenvironment and the secreted cytokines activate signalling pathways mediating growth, survival, drug resistance and the migration of MM cells as well as osteoclastogenesis and angiogenesis. In this article we underline in particular the new evidences at the basis of the interaction between MM cell and bone cells and the potential role of osteoclast and osteoblast in MM pathophysiology. Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter. 2008;30(Supl. 2):3-5.
doi:10.1590/s1516-84842008000800003 fatcat:rzuy3yed2jdyldie3nsntv3rzm