Quantum phase transitions in models of coupled magnetic impurities

Matthias Vojta, Ralf Bulla, Walter Hofstetter
2002 Physical Review B (Condensed Matter)  
We discuss models of interacting magnetic impurities coupled to a metallic host. If twice the sum of the impurity spins is larger than the total number of host screening channels, the system shows one or more quantum phase transitions where the ground-state spin changes as a function of the inter-impurity couplings. The simplest example is realized by two spin-1/2 Kondo impurities coupled to a single orbital of the host; this model exhibits a singlet-doublet transition. We investigate the phase
more » ... vestigate the phase diagram and crossover behavior of this model and present Numerical Renormalization Group results together with general arguments showing that the quantum phase transition is either of first order or of the Kosterlitz-Thouless type, depending on the symmetry of the Kondo couplings. Connections to other models and possible applications are discussed.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.65.140405 fatcat:27nchrukfnfdnibavlgwkwvxfu