A Model of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Degradation on a Microstructural Level

Marko Nerat
2020 Applied Sciences  
The growth of nickel (Ni) particles in the porous anode is one of the most critical issues in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). It reduces the density of triple-phase boundaries (TPBs) over time and increases the polarization resistance of SOFC. Most of the three-dimensional models that are used to simulate this phenomenon in detail are numerically exhausting and as such intractable for on-line applications. This work presents a two-dimensional, microstructural model of reduced complexity as a
more » ... e-off between the numerical load and the level of detail. The model of Ni agglomeration is based on the power-law coarsening theory. The resulting model was validated by comparing the relative density of TPBs and the cell voltage to the experimentally measured values. It was shown that the calculated values closely fit the measured data. The advantage of the proposed model is that it takes lower computational load during the simulation compared to the complex phase field models and is suitable for estimation of SOFC electric performance over time.
doi:10.3390/app10061906 fatcat:i4mb2kbzubchfae2ru3uaggsgm