Health-Related Quality of Life of Diabetes Mellitus Patients and Non-Diabetic Persons in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Iquo Okon
2018 Texila international journal of public health  
Quality of life of persons living with diabetes measures their health status with a look at multiple aspects of their life, including: emotional reactions to life occurrences, disposition, sense of life fulfilment and satisfaction in life. This study compares Health related quality of life of persons living with diabetes and those without Diabetes in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar. This is a facility based cross sectional descriptive study. Participants were given the World
more » ... lth Organization quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) to assess their quality of life. Data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 24. The results were presented in Means, standard deviations, and statistical analyses were performed to compare between QOL between diabetic and non-diabetics. A total 400 respondents (200 people living with Diabetes and 200 people without diabetes) participated in this study. Clinical data of diabetic respondents showed that 70.5 percent (n=141) were living with other disease while 29.5 percent n= 59) of diabetic responds were not living with other diseases. Diseases mostly exhibited by diabetic patients were hypertension 40 percent (n=80) and arthritis 15 percent (n=30). Patients with diabetes had a significant lower mean score than the non-diabetics in their overall quality of life (P = 0.000). Findings from this study also indicate that diabetics had a mean score of 23.17, 20.06, 10.20, 28.0 in their physical, psychological, social and environmental domain respectively compare with those without diabetes that reported a mean score of 24.17, 21.53, 11.43, 28.68 in their physical, psychological, social and environmental domain respectively. There is need for comprehensive management plan to minimize the daunting outcomes of DM and improve the QOL of the diabetics.
doi:10.21522/tijph.2013.06.03.art015 fatcat:qx3hdbjj2rgudcfmub3mpyy6ti