A Dual Role for the N-terminal Region ofMycobacterium tuberculosisHsp16.3 in Self-oligomerization and Binding Denaturing Substrate Proteins

Xinmiao Fu, Hui Zhang, Xuefeng Zhang, Yang Cao, Wangwang Jiao, Chong Liu, Yang Song, Abuduaini Abulimiti, Zengyi Chang
2004 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The N-terminal regions, which are highly variable in small heat-shock proteins, were found to be structurally disordered in all the 24 subunits of Methanococcus jannaschii Hsp16.5 oligomer and half of the 12 subunits of wheat Hsp16.9 oligomer. The structural and functional roles of the corresponding region (potentially disordered) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Hsp16.3, existing as nonamers, were investigated in this work. The data demonstrate that the mutant Hsp16.3 protein with 35 N-terminal
more » ... sidues removed (⌬N35) existed as trimers/ dimers rather than as nonamers, failing to bind the hydrophobic probe (1,1-bi(4-anilino)naphthalene-5,5-disulfonic acid) and exhibiting no chaperone-like activity. Nevertheless, another mutant protein with the C-terminal extension (of nine residues) removed, although existing predominantly as dimers, exhibited efficient chaperone-like activity even at room temperatures, indicating that pre-existence as nonamers is not a prerequisite for its chaperone-like activity. Meanwhile, the mutant protein with both the N-and C-terminal ends removed fully exists as a dimer lacking any chaperonelike activity. Furthermore, the N-terminal region alone, either as a synthesized peptide or in fusion protein with glutathione S-transferase, was capable of interacting with denaturing proteins. These observations strongly suggest that the N-terminal region of Hsp16.3 is not only involved in self-oligomerization but also contains the critical site for substrate binding. Such a dual role for the N-terminal region would provide an effective mechanism for the small heat-shock protein to modulate its chaperone-like activity through oligomeric dissociation/reassociation. In addition, this study demonstrated that the wild-type protein was able to form heterononamers with ⌬N35 via subunit exchange at a subunit ratio of 2:1. This implies that the 35 N-terminal residues in three of the nine subunits in the wild-type nonamer are not needed for the assembly of nonamers from trimers and are thus probably structurally disordered.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m406319200 pmid:15545279 fatcat:hashutzomfe2xj7v45i33fpf6u