Biological nitrogen fixation of some groundnuts as affected by genotype and applied phosphorus at Samaru, northern Guinea Savannah of Nigeria

AI Gabasawa, AA Yusuf
2013 Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences  
Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF), brought about by both free living soil microorganisms and their symbiotic associations with higher plants, is the major source of N input into agricultural systems. Groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea L.), in symbiosis with rhizobia, in their root nodules, fix atmospheric nitrogen (N 2 ). A field trial was carried out at Samaru, Nigeria, in 2008 with a view to evaluate BNF potentials of five groundnut genotypes (SAMNUT 10, 11, 21, 22 and 23). Each genotype received
more » ... our rates of P (0, 20, 40 and 60 P 2 O 5 ha -1 ) in an RCBD with three replications. N-Difference method was employed in assessing the BNF of the genotypes. Nodulation performance of the genotypes was observed. Results of the study showed that SAMNUT 11 and 22 significantly recorded the highest nodulation, by number and weight. All the remaining genotypes statistically produced same nodule number. Moreover, the early maturing SAMNUT 21 fixed the highest (82 kg N ha -1 ) quantity of N 2 , while SAMNUT 11 (46 kg N ha -1 ) and 23 (31 kg N ha -1 ) were statistically similar and fixed the lowest N 2 . SAMNUT 11 and 22 were, therefore, found to significantly record the highest nodule number and weigh and SAMNUT 21 fixed the highest N 2 , and hence the highest BNF, indicating their genotypic desirability in terms of N 2 addition to the soil environment, especially for subsequent crops.
doi:10.4314/bajopas.v5i2.26 fatcat:7zlxy4f2pvgk5oxgpau3igkb4i