In vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity of the volatile oil of Cyperus articulatus (Cyperaceae)

Nazaré Carneiro da SILVA, Suellen Ferreira GONÇALVES, Luciana Silva de ARAÚJO, Aline Aparecida München KASPER, Amanda Luisa da FONSECA, Adilson SARTORATTO, Kelly Christina Ferreira CASTRO, Tânia Mara Pires MORAES, Leopoldo Clemente BARATTO, Fernando de Pilla VAROTTI, Lauro Euclides Soares BARATA, Waldiney Pires MORAES
2019 Acta Amazonica  
Malaria is a disease of global tropical distribution, being endemic in more than 90 countries and responsible for about 212 million cases worldwide in 2016. To date, the strategies used to eradicate this disease have been ineffective, without specific preventive measures such as vaccines. Currently, the existing therapeutic arsenal is limited and has become ineffective against the expansion of artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium, demonstrating the need for studies that would allow the development
more » ... f new compounds against this disease. In this context, we studied the volatile oil obtained from rhizomes of Cyperus articulatus (VOCA), a plant species commonly found in the Amazon region and popularly used as a therapeutic alternative for the treatment of malaria, in order to confirm its potential as an antimalarial agent by in vitro and in vivo assays. We cultured Plasmodium falciparum W2 (chloroquine-resistant) and 3D7 (chloroquine-sensitive) strains in erythrocytes and exposed them to VOCA at different concentrations in 96-well microplates. In vivo antimalarial activity was tested in BALB/c mice inoculated with approximately 106 erythrocytes infected with Plasmodium berghei. VOCA showed a high antimalarial potential against the two P. falciparum strains, with IC50 = 1.21 μg mL-1 for W2 and 2.30 μg mL-1 for 3D7. VOCA also significantly reduced the parasitemia and anemia induced by P. berghei in mice. Our results confirmed the antimalarial potential of the volatile oil of Cyperus articulatus.
doi:10.1590/1809-4392201804331 fatcat:kfyv33vg2femlmwff47oc3wc34