Defective postreplication repair in xeroderma pigmentosum variant fibroblasts
Postreplication repair (PRR) was quantified in normal human fibroblasts and in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) variant fibroblasts after treatment with UV or benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide-I (BPDE-I). PRR may be defined as the elimination of discontinuities in the daughter-strand DNA and the replicative bypass of lesions in the DNA template. Pathways of PRR reduce the number of DNA growing points that are blocked at template lesions and increase the rate of growth of nascent DNA on damaged templates.
... amaged templates. Rates of DNA synthesis and strand growth were measured in solvent- and carcinogen-treated cells by velocity sedimentation analyses of radiolabeled nascent DNA in alkaline sucrose gradients. Logarithmically growing normal fibroblasts displayed D0 values of 6.3 J/m2 and 0.37 microM for the inhibition of DNA synthesis in active replicons by UV and BPDE-I, respectively. Under identical conditions, the XP variant cells exhibited D0 values of 1.5-2.0 J/m2 and 0.27-0.31 microM. Pulse-chase experiments were performed in cells synchronized at the beginning of the S phase. Normal and XP variant cells displayed inhibition of DNA strand growth by UV, with D0 values of 21.6 and 7.0 J/m2, respectively. The D0 values for the inhibition of DNA strand growth by BPDE-I were 0.85 microM for the normal cells and 0.62-0.79 microM for the XP variant cells. The inhibitions of DNA replication by UV and BPDE-I were also analyzed in terms of DNA lesion frequencies. Based on the D0 values for inhibition of DNA replication, we concluded that the XP variant cells express maximally 25-33% of the total PRR activity observed in normal fibroblasts after UV treatment. Conceivably, this deficiency in PRR activity results in the XP variant's increased risk of cancers induced by sunlight, because XP variant cells and normal fibroblasts are equally proficient in excision repair. Both normal and XP variant fibroblasts, however, displayed similar PRR activities in response to BPDE-I treatment.