Shortened duration whole body 18F-FDG PET Patlak imaging on the Biograph Vision Quadra PET/CT using a population-averaged input function
Joyce van Sluis, Johannes H. van Snick, Adrienne H. Brouwers, Walter Noordzij, Rudi A. J. O. Dierckx, Ronald J. H. Borra, Adriaan A. Lammertsma, Andor W. J. M. Glaudemans, Riemer H. J. A. Slart, Maqsood Yaqub, Charalampos Tsoumpas, Ronald Boellaard
Background Excellent performance characteristics of the Vision Quadra PET/CT, e.g. a substantial increase in sensitivity, allow for precise measurements of image-derived input functions (IDIF) and tissue time activity curves. Previously we have proposed a method for a reduced 30 min (as opposed to 60 min) whole body 18F-FDG Patlak PET imaging procedure using a previously published population-averaged input function (PIF) scaled to IDIF values at 30–60 min post-injection (p.i.). The aim of the
... esent study was to apply this method using the Vision Quadra PET/CT, including the use of a PIF to allow for shortened scan durations. Methods Twelve patients with suspected lung malignancy were included and received a weight-based injection of 18F-FDG. Patients underwent a 65-min dynamic PET acquisition which were reconstructed using European Association of Nuclear Medicine Research Ltd. (EARL) standards 2 reconstruction settings. A volume of interest (VOI) was placed in the ascending aorta (AA) to obtain the IDIF. An external PIF was scaled to IDIF values at 30–60, 40–60, and 50–60 min p.i., respectively, and parametric 18F-FDG influx rate constant (Ki) images were generated using a t* of 30, 40 or 50 min, respectively. Herein, tumour lesions as well as healthy tissues, i.e. liver, muscle tissue, spleen and grey matter, were segmented. Results Good agreement between the IDIF and corresponding PIF scaled to 30–60 min p.i. and 40–60 min p.i. was obtained with 7.38% deviation in Ki. Bland–Altman plots showed excellent agreement in Ki obtained using the PIF scaled to the IDIF at 30–60 min p.i. and at 40–60 min p.i. as all data points were within the limits of agreement (LOA) (− 0.004–0.002, bias: − 0.001); for the 50–60 min p.i. Ki, all except one data point fell in between the LOA (− 0.021–0.012, bias: − 0.005). Conclusions Parametric whole body 18F-FDG Patlak Ki images can be generated non-invasively on a Vision Quadra PET/CT system. In addition, using a scaled PIF allows for a substantial (factor 2 to 3) reduction in scan time without substantial loss of accuracy (7.38% bias) and precision (image quality and noise interference).