The anomalous production of multi-leptons and its impact on the measurement of Wh production at the LHC

Yesenia Hernandez, Mukesh Kumar, Alan S. Cornell, Salah-Eddine Dahbi, Yaquan Fang, Benjamin Lieberman, Bruce Mellado, Kgomotso Monnakgotla, Xifeng Ruan, Shuiting Xin
2021 European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields  
AbstractAnomalies in multi-lepton final states at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have been reported in Refs. (von Buddenbrock et al., J Phys G 45(11):115003, arXiv:1711.07874 [hep-ph], 2018; Buddenbrock et al., JHEP 1910:157, arXiv:1901.05300 [hep-ph], 2019). These can be interpreted in terms of the production of a heavy boson, H, decaying into a standard model (SM) Higgs boson, h, and a singlet scalar, S, which is treated as a SM Higgs-like boson. This process would naturally affect the
more » ... ement of the Wh signal strength at the LHC, where h is produced in association with leptons and di-jets. Here, h would be produced with lower transverse momentum, $$p_{Th}$$ p Th , compared to SM processes. Corners of the phase-space are fixed according to the model parameters derived in Refs. (von Buddenbrock et al., J Phys G 45(11):115003, arXiv:1711.07874 [hep-ph], 2018; von Buddenbrock et al., Eur Phys J C 76(10):580, arXiv:1606.01674 [hep-ph], 2016) without additional tuning, thus nullifying potential look-else-where effects or selection biases. Provided that no stringent requirements are made on $$p_{Th}$$ p Th or related observables, the signal strength of Wh is $$\mu (Wh)=2.41 \pm 0.37$$ μ ( W h ) = 2.41 ± 0.37 . This corresponds to a deviation from the SM of $$3.8\sigma $$ 3.8 σ . This result further strengthens the need to measure with precision the SM Higgs boson couplings in $$e^+e^-$$ e + e - , and $$e^-p$$ e - p collisions, in addition to pp collisions.
doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-021-09137-1 fatcat:ws44jmeylvevpifolo5x7ksbd4