Study of ICME by spacecraft radio signals

Guifré Molera Calvés, Esa Kallio, Giuseppe Cimò, Tatiana Bocanegra-Bahamón
2019 Proceedings of 14th European VLBI Network Symposium & Users Meeting — PoS(EVN2018)   unpublished
Tracking radio communication signals from planetary spacecraft with ground-based telescopes offers, among others, the possibility to study the electron density and the interplanetary scintillation of the solar wind. Observations of the telemetry link of spacecraft have been conducted regularly with ground antennae from the European Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network (EVN), aiming to characterize the propagation of radio signals in the solar wind at different solar elongations and
more » ... gations and distances from the Sun. We have studied the phase fluctuations of Mars Express spacecraft radio signal while an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) crossed the radio path during one of our observations on 6 April 2015. Our measurements showed that the Doppler measurements and phase scintillation indices increased by a factor of 4 during the passage of the ICME. Thus, it is confirmed that the phase scintillation technique based on spacecraft signals provides information of the properties and propagation of the ICMEs in the heliosphere, and can be used to detect and monitor the presence of ICMEs in the near future.
doi:10.22323/1.344.0139 fatcat:ggdfvtd36fcmfa4nkpb4en3uxa