Layered mode selection logic control with fuzzy sensor fusion network

Traig Born, Andrew Wright, Grant R. Gerhart, Douglas W. Gage, Charles M. Shoemaker
2007 Unmanned Systems Technology IX  
Robots developed from the 60's to the present have been restricted to highly structured environments such as work cells or automated guided vehicles, primarily to avoid harmful interactions with humans. Next generation robots must function in unstructured environments. Such robots must be fault tolerant to sensor and manipulator failures, scalable in number of agents, and adaptable to different robotic base platforms. The Central Arkansas Robotics Consortium has developed a robot controller
more » ... itecture, called Layered Mode Selection Logic (LMSL), which addresses all of these concerns. The LMSL architecture is an implementation of a behavior based controller fused with a planner. The architecture creates an abstraction layer for the robot sensors through a Fuzzy Sensor Fusion Network (FSFN), and it creates an abstraction layer for the robot manipulators through a reactive layer. The LMSL architecture has been implemented and tested on UALR's J5 robotics research platform. A FSFN combines acceleration and force signals for collision detection. The output of the FSFN switches among low level behaviors to accomplish obstacle avoidance and obstacle manipulation. Comparable results are achieved with all sensors functioning, with only the acceleration sensor (force sensor faulted), and with only the force sensor (acceleration sensor faulted).
doi:10.1117/12.718707 fatcat:gxzvsapwxrhddo7uvpwnh6rm3m