A differentiated assessment of the physical fitness of young athletes 11-14 years old, studying hand- to-hand combat at the basic stages

V. L. Volkov
2020 Scientific Journal of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. Series 15. Scientific and pedagogical problems of physical culture (physical culture and sports)  
It was established that the only control elements that allow providing feedback from the athlete to the coach is monitoring and evaluation, and their content should be scientifically sound and take into account age and gender characteristics of the contingent and the specifics of the chosen sport. Moreover, the integrated approach in the period of active biological and mental development is of particular importance. The analysis of our own experimental data shows that there are reliable
more » ... re reliable positive dynamics of all the results of the study of the development of general and special physical abilities of mittens from 11-12 to 13-14 years. The greatest increase is observed in the indicators of determining the state of development of muscular sensation - 32.8%, the endurance of the muscles of the shoulder girdle - 24.1%, and the number of strokes with the pear in 20 s - 21.8%. It is also necessary to note the presence of positive changes in the volume of more than 13% as a result of flexing and extending the arms in the emphasis lying on their fists for 10 s, running at 60 m, the number of lifting of the torso for 1 min, tilting the torso forward and long jump from place. However, at the same time, an increase in the endurance index of 5.8% indicates the need to introduce additional cyclic exercise with low intensity and significant volumes to reduce the imbalance of aerobic and anaerobic capacity of young mittens. The developed methodological recommendations assume the existence of a reasonable content of control, which provides the receipt of operative information on the development of both general and special physical abilities of young mittens. In addition, the availability of rating tables, depending on the stage of sports improvement, the differentiation of the contingent and the introduction of a selective method of influence in the process of general and special physical training of young mittens 11-12 and 13-14 years.
doi:10.31392/npu-nc.series15.2020.6(126).09 fatcat:slfwls6nwzflxmgzlayz3pbtsq