Non-communicable diseases and inequalities increase risk of death among COVID-19 patients in Mexico

Juan Pablo Gutierrez, Stefano M. Bertozzi, Brecht Devleesschauwer
2020 PLoS ONE  
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic compounds Mexico's pre-existing challenges: very high levels of both non-communicable diseases (NCD) and social inequity. Using data from national reporting of SARS-CoV-2 tested individuals, we estimated odds of hospitalization, intubation, and death based on pre-existing non-communicable diseases and socioeconomic indicators. We found that obesity, diabetes, and hypertension are positively associated with the three outcomes in a synergistic manner. The municipal poverty
more » ... level is also positively associated with hospitalization and death. Mexico's response to COVID-19 is complicated by a synergistic double challenge: raging NCDs and extreme social inequity. The response to the current pandemic must take both into account both to be effective and to ensure that the burden of COVID-19 not falls disproportionately on those who are already disadvantaged.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0240394 pmid:33031467 fatcat:zauhxwvnyjda7bxt2njfcwatbq