Regulation of the selective uptake of cholesteryl esters from high density lipoproteins by sphingomyelin
Journal of Lipid Research
Although sphingomyelin (SM) is a major phospholipid in lipoproteins as well as in the membrane rafts where the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is localized, its possible role in the selective uptake of cholesteryl ester (CE) by the SR-BI-mediated pathway is unknown. We investigated the effect of SM in lipoproteins and cell membranes on the selective uptake in three different cell lines: SR-BItransfected CHO cells, hepatocytes (HepG2), and adrenocortical cells (Y1BS1). Incorporation of
... ). Incorporation of SM into recombinant high density lipoprotein (rHDL) containing labeled CE resulted in up to 50% inhibition of the selective uptake of CE in all three cell lines. This inhibition was completely reversed by treatment of rHDL with sphingomyelinase (SMase). Selective uptake from plasma HDL was activated by 22-72% after treatment of HDL with SMase. In addition, pretreatment of the cells with SMase resulted in stimulation of CE uptake from rHDL by CHO and Y1BS1, although not by HepG2. Incorporation of ceramide into rHDL resulted in up to 2-fold stimulation of CE uptake, although pretreatment of cells with egg ceramide had no significant effect. These results show that SM and ceramide in the lipoproteins and the cell membranes regulate the SR-BI-mediated selective uptake of CE, possibly by interacting with the sterol ring or with SR-BI itself. -Subbaiah, P. V., L. R. Gesquiere, and K. Wang. Regulation of the selective uptake of cholesteryl esters from high density lipoproteins by sphingomyelin. J. Lipid Res. 2005. 46: 2699-2705.