Effectiveness of manual and electrical needle stimulation in acupuncture for chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial

Josielli Comachio, Carla Coelho Oliveira, Ilton Fagner Rodrigues Silva, Mauricio Oliveira Magalhães, Amélia Pasqual Marques
2020 Journal of Acupuncture & Meridian Studies  
The aim of this study was to investigate effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) and manual acupuncture (MA) on pain and disability in patients with chronic low back. A total of 66 randomly allocated patients diagnosed with chronic LBP were assigned to receive either 12 sessions of acupuncture or electr LINK Word.Document.12 D:\\MYFILES\\ELSEVIER\\JAMS\\00000470\\PREPTUD\\JAMS_470_tud.docx OLE_LINK1 \a \r Sao Paulooacupuncture. The primary outcomes measurements were intensity pain (NRS) and
more » ... y pain (NRS) and disability (RMQ). All main analysis followed the intention-to-treat principle. The groups reported improvements posttreatment in intensity pain and disability respectively; however, no differences between groups were observed. Regarding the secondary outcomes, we observed a between-group difference only for kinesiophobia in favor of the manual acupuncture group (difference = -4.1 points, 95% CI = -7.0 to -1.1). The results were maintained after 3 months of follow-up. Contrary to our hypothesis, however, EA did not result in a better outcome compared with MA treatment. The study does not provide evidence that an electroacupuncture is superior to acupuncture treatment. Both therapies had similar efficacy in reducing pain and disability for chronic nonspecific low back pain.
doi:10.1016/j.jams.2020.03.064 pmid:32224119 fatcat:zuxm7rybmfahjioif26fdmcqbu