Regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase by PGD2 in the developing choroid

Isabelle Dumont, Pierre Hardy, Krishna G. Peri, Xin Hou, Stéphane Molotchnikoff, Daya R. Varma, Sylvain Chemtob
2000 American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology  
Regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase by PGD 2 in the developing choroid. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 278: H60-H66, 2000.-We investigated if prostaglandins might regulate the increased choroidal endothelial (e) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression in the perinate. Prostaglandins, eNOS mRNA, immunoreactive protein and activity, and nitrite [stable metabolite of nitric oxide (NO)] production were markedly higher in newborn (1 day old) than juvenile (6-8 wk old) pig choroid.
more » ... eatment of isolated newborn choroids with the prostaglandin synthase inhibitor ibuprofen for 24 h reduced eNOS mRNA and nitrite production to values in juveniles. This effect was equally observed with the PGD 2 receptor (DP) blocker BW A868C and was prevented by cotreatment with PGD 2 but not other prostaglandins; similar observations were made on NOS activity in vivo. PGD 2 also increased eNOS expression on choroids of juveniles, and this effect was blocked by BW A868C. The manifestation of this upregulation of eNOS by PGD 2 on the control of choroidal vasomotor response was tested by using NO-dependent vasorelaxants, ACh, bradykinin (Bk), and substance P (SP). ACh-, Bk-, and SP-elicited choroidal vasorelaxation was greater in saline-treated newborn than juvenile pigs. Ibuprofen (24 h) decreased ACh-, Bk-, and SP-evoked vasorelaxation in newborns, whereas PGD 2 increased that in juveniles and prevented the ibuprofeninduced attenuated relaxation in newborns; infusion of Nmonomethyl-L-arginine in choroids of those animals treated with PGD 2 reversed the augmented vasorelaxation to ACh, Bk, and SP. Finally, PGD 2 -induced upregulation of NOS in the perinate was also reflected by curtailed choroidal blood flow autoregulatory response to increased perfusion pressure. In conclusion, PGD 2 exhibits a major role in upregulating eNOS expression and activity in the choroid, which in turn results in greater NO-mediated vasorelaxation; a new mechanism for eNOS regulation via DP is hereby disclosed. The relationship between PGD 2 and eNOS in the developing subject provides an explanation for the interactive role of these two factors in the absent choroidal blood flow autoregulation in the perinate. endothelial nitric oxide synthase; newborn
doi:10.1152/ajpheart.2000.278.1.h60 pmid:10644584 fatcat:jfyjb5xtmjeqzdstrhs2wfmk3q