INNOVATION IN TEACHING THE DISCIPLINE «DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY» AND «ENGINEERING GRAPHICS»
ИННОВАЦИИ В ПРЕПОДАВАНИИ ДИСЦИПЛИН «НАЧЕРТАТЕЛЬНАЯ ГЕОМЕТРИЯ» И «ИНЖЕНЕРНАЯ ГРАФИКА»

F.T. Ziganshina, FSBEI HE «Ufa State Petroleum Technological University», L.N. Munirova, FSBEI HE «Ufa State Petroleum Technological University»
2020 Bulletin USPTU Science education economy Series economy  
To implement the requirements of the main educational programs in the descriptive geometry and engineering graphics disciplines, an analysis has been made of the students 'low academic performance in recent years and modern auxiliary methods have been proposed to increase the level of students' mastering of these disciplines. As a result of the analysis of low student performance in these disciplines, external and internal causes are identified. External reasons include: the adaptation of
more » ... adaptation of freshmen to new learning conditions; lack of an initial base for descriptive geometry and drawing. Internal reasons include a decrease in the classroom load and a change in the form of final certification. Of these reasons, to improve the quality of teaching, it becomes necessary to adapt teachers to new working conditions, which entails a revision of teaching methods and technologies. In order to increase the level of students' mastery of the disciplines «Descriptive Geometry» and «Engineering Graphics» and to save educational time in the learning process, it is necessary to introduce interactive teaching methods. New technologies help shape spatial thinking, develop and shape the professional competencies of students. To implement interactive methods, various tools are used as software, which allow you to create supporting training materials. Based on various types of work with students, this paper proposes a classification of tools for creating educational materials or implementing interactive methods. In this case, the tools include software that allows you to create training videos, video materials, etc. The created material is animated videos with a detailed explanation of the tasks, video lectures, test tasks. In this paper, we propose a methodology for creating auxiliary training material. The purpose of these educational materials is, firstly, invaluable help to the student, which are aimed at the development of spatial thinking, the formation of basic theoretical concepts and ways of building drawings; secondly, saving time in the educational process.
doi:10.17122/2541-8904-2020-4-34-112-118 fatcat:mul72b4hqnfjvb6lumze3selfq