Bidirectional 3D Quasi-Recurrent Neural Networkfor Hyperspectral Image Super-Resolution

Ying Fu, Zhiyuan Liang, Shaodi You
2021 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
Hyperspectral imaging is unable to acquire images with high resolution in both spatial and spectral dimensions yet, due to physical hardware limitations. It can only produce low spatial resolution images in most cases and thus hyperspectral image (HSI) spatial super-resolution is important. Recently, deep learning-based methods for HSI spatial super-resolution have been actively exploited. However, existing methods do not focus on structural spatial-spectral correlation and global correlation
more » ... ong spectra, which cannot fully exploit useful information for superresolution. Also, some of the methods are straightforward extension of RGB super-resolution methods, which have fixed number of spectral channels and cannot be generally applied to hyperspectral images whose number of channels varies. Furthermore, unlike RGB images, existing HSI datasets are small and limit the performance of learning-based methods. In this article, we design a bidirectional 3D quasi-recurrent neural network for HSI super-resolution with arbitrary number of bands. Specifically, we introduce a core unit that contains a 3D convolutional module and a bidirectional quasi-recurrent pooling module to effectively extract structural spatial-spectral correlation and global correlation along spectra, respectively. By combining domain knowledge of HSI with a novel pretraining strategy, our method can be well generalized to remote sensing HSI datasets with limited number of training data. Extensive evaluations and comparisons on HSI super-resolution demonstrate improvements over state-of-the-art methods, in terms of both restoration accuracy and visual quality. Index Terms-Bidirectional 3D quasi-recurrent neural network, global correlation along spectra, hyperspectral image superresolution, structural spatial-spectral correlation.
doi:10.1109/jstars.2021.3057936 fatcat:522lja4s65bbhhcm62lrelueby