Hough transform implementation to evaluate the morphological variability of the moon jellyfish (Aurelia sp.) [article]

Justine Gadreaud, C&eacuteline Lacaux, Agn&egraves Desolneux, Bertrand Martin-Garin, Alain Thi&eacutery
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Variations of the animal body plan morphology and morphometry can be used as prognostic tools of their habitat quality. The potential of the moon jellyfish (Aurelia spp.) as a new model organism has been poorly tested. However, as a tetramerous symmetry organism, it exhibits some variations in radial symmetry number. A pertinent list of morphological - number of gonads - and morphometric characteristics - e.g. ratio of the gonads area on the umbrella area - has been established to describe the
more » ... ed to describe the morphology of 19 specimens through an image analysis. The method uses for the first time the Hough transform to approximate the gonads and the umbrella by ellipses and automatically extracts the morphometric data. The results highlight two discriminant parameters: distance between the center of the gonads and the center of the umbrella, and the individual variability of the gonad eccentricity, both higher in jellyfishes with 5 gonads. Additionally, the relative size of the gonads is not different between tetramerous and non-tetramerous jellyfishes bringing some hypothesis about fitness advantages or disadvantages. Combined to ecotoxicological bioassays to better understand the causes of this developmental alteration, this optimizable method can become a powerful tool in the symmetry description of an in situ population.
doi:10.1101/2020.03.11.986984 fatcat:ezgrhcmztva4xmdnlng7rsqqqq