Discussions of Gospel EschatologyDie Menschensohnfrage im letzten Stadium: Ein Versuch zur Einsicht in das Wesen altchristlichen Schrifttums. E. Hertlein"The Son of Man;" Or Contributions to the Study of the Thoughts of Jesus. E. A. AbbottThe Kingdom and the Messiah. E. F. ScottThe Eschatological Question in the Gospels; And Other Studies in Recent New Testament Criticism. C. W. EmmetThe Eschatology of the Gospels. E. von Dobschütz
The American Journal of Theology
296 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THEOLOGY a unique position. But it can also be used to advantage by students who do not care so much for the author's point of approach as for the content of his interpretation. The index contains not only a full list of scriptural citations but an analytical register of the Lehrbegriffe of each New Testament book. Some important phases of the eschatological problem have recently been discussed by Hertlein,x Abbott,2 Scott,3 Emmet,4 and von Dobschiitz.s Hertlein
... rates views formerly expressed in his Der Daniel der Romerzeit (Leipzig, 1908), and applies them more especially to the New Testament. The Gospel usage of Son of Man is thought to be derived solely from Dan. 7:13, and this section of the Book of Daniel is found to have arisen about the time of Jerusalem's fall in 70 A.D. Daniel is also the source of the usage in all the other Jewish apocalypses. Consequently a date much later than that commonly supposed must be set for the rise of this usage. The term could not have been employed by Jesus, and its frequency in the gospels shows them to be late and largely fictitious products of the Christian movement. Hertlein's work suffers from frequent outbursts against the "theologians" who have not given his opinions the hearing he thinks they deserve, and in his gospel criticism he seems unduly anxious to emulate the example of Bruno Bauer, who, he says, is one of the few "modernists" on the Protestant side. Abbott's volume is an exceedingly detailed study. In Book I the pre-Christian usage of Son of Man is examined, the result being a very high estimate of Ezekiel's phraseology as giving the key to Jesus' 'Die Menschensohnfrage im letzten Stadium: Ein Versuch zur Einsicht in das Wesen altchristlichen Schrifttums. Von E. Hertlein. Berlin, Stuttgart, und Leipzig: Kohlhammer, 1911. x+193 pages. M. 4. 2 "The Son of Man;" or Contributions to the Study of the Thoughts of Jesus. By E. A. Abbott. Cambridge: University Press, 19Io. lii+873 pages. i6s. 6d.