Strong diffusion gradients allow the separation of intra- and extra-axonal gradient-echo signals in the human brain

Elena Kleban, Chantal M.W. Tax, Umesh S. Rudrapatna, Derek K. Jones, Richard Bowtell
2020 NeuroImage  
The quantification of brain white matter properties is a key area of application of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), with much effort focused on using MR techniques to quantify tissue microstructure. While diffusion MRI probes white matter (WM) microstructure by characterising the sensitivity of Brownian motion of water molecules to anisotropic structures, susceptibility-based techniques probe the tissue microstructure by observing the effect of interaction between the tissue and the magnetic
more » ... ield. Here, we unify these two complementary approaches by combining ultra-strong (300 mT/m) gradients with a novel Diffusion-Filtered Asymmetric Spin Echo (D-FASE) technique. Using D-FASE we can separately assess the evolution of the intra- and extra-axonal signals under the action of susceptibility effects, revealing differences in the behaviour in different fibre tracts. We observed that the effective relaxation rate of the ASE signal in the corpus callosum decreases with increasing b-value in all subjects (from 17.1±0.7s-1 at b=0s/mm2 to 14.6±0.7s-1 at b=4800s/mm2), while this dependence on b in the corticospinal tract is less pronounced (from 12.0±1.1s-1 at b=0s/mm2 to 10.7±0.5s-1 at b=4800s/mm2 ). Voxelwise analysis of the signal evolution with respect to b-factor and acquisition delay using a microscopic model demonstrated differences in gradient echo signal evolution between the intra- and extra-axonal pools.
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116793 pmid:32335263 pmcid:PMC7613126 fatcat:ftgtdir6o5e3jctophwspb3oje