Monitoring Fatal Road Accidents, Using Spatio-Temporal Statistics and GIS Modeling
Science Journal of Public Health
Purpose of this study is to monitor the fatal road accidents (FRA) in the Region of Crete, Greece and capture their dynamics in time and space using the Geographical Information System (GIS) technology. It aims to record the FRA spatially from 2001 to 2012, predict their spatio-temporal variance, estimate the number of FRA that should be expected the next years per region and identify the high risk areas. Methods: It is a spatio-temporal study using data from the National Emergency Center's
... rgency Center's database. The SPSS 20 and the Arc map 10 were used for the analysis. Spatio-temporal models were applied; specifically, geographical descriptive, Geary's C, co-kriging interpolation and the Geographical Weighted regression model. Results: According to the Geary's C, FRA follow a clustered pattern in Crete, whilst they are not randomly occurred (Geary's C= 0.42; 95%CI= 0.029-0.873; pvalue<0.001). There was a total of 1,039 FRA cases that presented heterogeneous distribution on the island, gathering within the standard distance and ellipse. Time related factors and age were found to be significant to the risk for FRA (pvalue<0.001), [summer months: ExpB=3.43,. High risk areas were identified and the expected number of unrecorded FRA was found to vary from 0.0001 to 5.5 cases per 50km 2 . Conclusions: The present study inserts, for the first time in the Greek bibliography, a new way of monitoring and capturing the FRA dynamics and highlights the use of the GIS technology and dynamic modeling.