Mental Health Level and Happiness Index among Female Teachers in Malaysia

M.F. Lee, C.S. Lai
2020 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health  
Teachers are those virtuous individuals who shape the future leaders, as well as realizing the nation's aspirations. Recent global developments have changed the role and responsibilities of a teacher. Statistics show that the majority of teachers are women. The gender issue in the workplace is nothing new. Female teachers facing more challenges than male teachers due to the culture and customs in Malaysia. About 4.4 per cent or 2,123 out of 48,258 teachers were identified as having high levels
more » ... f stress in year 2018. This problem must be handled well to ensure all the teachers are able to performance well. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the mental health level and happiness index among the female teachers in Malaysia in order to figure the real situation and planning the prevention action. A survey was employed as research design by using DASS 21-items and Oxford Happiness Index as instruments. A total number of 150 female teachers from primary and secondary schools were random selected as respondent in this study. All the gathered data were analysed using frequency and percentage. Findings showed that majority of the female teachers tend to have normal level for stress, anxiety and depression. However, there are some female teachers tend to have severe and extremely severe level for mental health problem. Findings also showed that majority of the female teachers tend to have moderate level for happiness index. Furthermore, some of them tend to have high level in happiness index. In conclusion, schools' administrative and the ministry of education need only to monitor the female teachers' mental health level and happiness index regularly. Intervention program or counselling session must be conducted for those who are suffering in mental health and low happiness index.
doi:10.36295/asro.2020.231304 fatcat:nzefrwsxwja2db5xkntgju2dhy