Rab GTPases in Osteoclastic Bone Resorption and Autophagy

Michèle Roy, Sophie Roux
2020 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Small guanosine triphosphate hydrolases (GTPases) of the Rab family are involved in plasma membrane delivery, fusion events, and lysosomal and autophagic degradation pathways, thereby regulating signaling pathways and cell differentiation and function. Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing cells that maintain bone homeostasis. Polarized vesicular trafficking pathways result in the formation of the ruffled border, the osteoclast's resorptive organelle, which also assists in transcytosis. Here, we
more » ... ed the different roles of Rab GTPases in the endomembrane machinery of osteoclasts and in bone diseases caused by the dysfunction of these proteins, with a particular focus on autophagy and bone resorption. Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying osteoclast-related bone disease development is critical for developing and improving therapies.
doi:10.3390/ijms21207655 pmid:33081155 fatcat:gvtvxybysfgvrixks6vtt3zn4m