The LTB4-BLT1 axis regulates the polarized trafficking of chemoattractant GPCRs during neutrophil chemotaxis

Bhagawat C. Subramanian, Konstadinos Moissoglu, Carole A. Parent
2018 Journal of Cell Science  
Neutrophils sense and respond to diverse chemotactic cues through G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). However, the precise trafficking dynamics of chemoattractant GPCRs during neutrophil activation and chemotaxis remain unclear. Here, by using small-molecule inhibitors and CRISPR-based knockouts, we establish that two primary chemoattractant GPCRsformyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1) and complement component 5a (C5a) receptor 1 (C5aR1)internalize in a CDC42-actin-dependent manner. Through live-cell
more » ... imaging, we demonstrate that, upon stimulation, FPR1 rapidly clusters and redistributes along the plasma membrane to the trailing edge, where it internalizes and is directionally trafficked towards the front of migrating primary human neutrophils. In contrast to FPR1 and C5aR1, the leukotriene B 4 (LTB 4 ) receptor (BLT1, also known as LTB4R), which relays LTB 4 signals in response to primary chemoattractants during neutrophil chemotaxis, fails to internalize upon physiological stimulation with LTB 4 , N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLF) or C5a. Importantly, we report that blocking the LTB 4 -BLT1 axis or downstream myosin activation enhances the internalization of FPR1 and C5aR1, thus reducing downstream signaling and impairing chemotaxis to primary chemoattractants. The polarized trafficking of chemoattractant GPCRs and its regulation by the BLT1mediated myosin activation therefore drives persistent chemotactic signaling in neutrophils. This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.
doi:10.1242/jcs.217422 pmid:30158177 fatcat:my72lfsw5bdc5i5zkmsjdkr6la