Role of Local Biofertilizer in Enhancing the Oxidative Stress Defence Systems of Date Palm Seedling (Phoenix dactylifera) against Abiotic Stress

Oumaima Harkousse, Afafe Slimani, Issam Jadrane, Mohamed Aitboulahsen, Mouaad Amine Mazri, Abdelmjid Zouahri, Lahcen Ouahmane, Tayeb Koussa, Mohamed Najib Al Feddy, Maman Turjaman
2021 Applied and Environmental Soil Science  
Among the abiotic stresses, drought is the first environmental stress responsible for a decrease in agricultural production worldwide; it affects plants in various ways, including slowing down plant growth and disrupting its general physiology. Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are considered to be the bioameliorators of the plant's resistance to water stress. The present study investigated the effects of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal
more » ... lar mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and PGPR on the water status and antioxidant enzyme activities of date palm seedlings grown under water stress conditions. The parameters related to the plant's water status were significantly ( p < 0.05 ) higher in the plants treated with mycorrhizae and mycorrhizae + bacteria compared with their respective controls, especially under water stress conditions. The maximum proline content was obtained in plants inoculated with the AMF species and PGPR (combined) under severe water stress conditions reaching a value of 2.588 ± 0.034 in 25% field capacity, compared with 0.978 ± 0.024 for the control. In addition, the inoculated seedlings showed notably lower activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POX), and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in response to severe water stress compared with nonmycorrhizal seedling. Overall, the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis and PGPR bacteria inoculation could be promising methods to enhance date palm resistance against oxidative stress.
doi:10.1155/2021/6628544 fatcat:6i3yk27btrcajnhibivoizr2cm