Active Classification: Theory and Application to Underwater Inspection [chapter]

Geoffrey A. Hollinger, Urbashi Mitra, Gaurav S. Sukhatme
2016 Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics  
We discuss the problem in which an autonomous vehicle must classify an object based on multiple views. We focus on the active classification setting, where the vehicle controls which views to select to best perform the classification. The problem is formulated as an extension to Bayesian active learning, and we show connections to recent theoretical guarantees in this area. We formally analyze the benefit of acting adaptively as new information becomes available. The analysis leads to a
more » ... leads to a probabilistic algorithm for determining the best views to observe based on information theoretic costs. We validate our approach in two ways, both related to underwater inspection: 3D polyhedra recognition in synthetic depth maps and ship hull inspection with imaging sonar. These tasks encompass both the planning and recognition aspects of the active classification problem. The results demonstrate that actively planning for informative views can reduce the number of necessary views by up to 80% when compared to passive methods.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-29363-9_6 fatcat:hdckjdl5hbbj3l4oef5so6qkva