2SNP: scalable phasing based on 2-SNP haplotypes

D. Brinza, A. Zelikovsky
2005 Bioinformatics  
2SNP software package implements a new very fast scalable algorithm for haplotype inference based on genotype statistics collected only for pairs of SNPs. This software can be used for comparatively accurate phasing of large number of long genome sequences, e.g. obtained from DNA arrays. As an input 2SNP takes genotype matrix and outputs the corresponding haplotype matrix. On datasets across 79 regions from HapMap 2SNP is several orders of magnitude faster than GERBIL and PHASE while matching
more » ... SE while matching them in quality measured by the number of correctly phased genotypes, single-site and switching errors. For example, 2SNP requires 41 s on Pentium 4 2 Ghz processor to phase 30 genotypes with 1381 SNPs (ENm010.7p15:2 data from HapMap) versus GERBIL and PHASE requiring more than a week and admitting no less errors than 2SNP. Availability: 2SNP software package is publicly available at
doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/bti785 pmid:16287933 fatcat:6asiblj6xbdmjirwvlfygdigzu