SPARQLing constraints for RDF

Georg Lausen, Michael Meier, Michael Schmidt
2008 Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Extending database technology Advances in database technology - EDBT '08  
The goal of the Semantic Web is to support semantic interoperability between applications exchanging data on the web. The idea heavily relies on data being made available in machine readable format, using semantic markup languages. In this regard, the W3C has standardized RDF as the basic markup language for the Semantic Web. In contrast to relational databases, where data relationships are implicitly given by schema information as well as primary and foreign key constraints, relationships in
more » ... mantic markup languages are made explicit. When mapping relational data into RDF, it is desirable to maintain the information implied by the origin constraints. As an improvement over existing approaches, our scheme allows for translating conventional databases into RDF without losing general constraints and vital key information. As much as in the relational model, those information are indispensable for data consistency and, as shown by example, can serve as a basis for semantic query optimization. We underline the practicability of our approach by showing that SPARQL, the most popular query language for RDF, can be used as a constraint language, akin to SQL in the relational context. As a theoretical contribution, we also discuss satisfiability for interesting classes of constraints and combinations thereof.
doi:10.1145/1353343.1353404 dblp:conf/edbt/LausenMS08 fatcat:njfbgiusrzb2ziognbnijqin4a