On the Complexity of Connectivity in Cognitive Radio Networks Through Spectrum Assignment [article]

Hongyu Liang and Tiancheng Lou and Haisheng Tan and Yuexuan Wang and Dongxiao Yu
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Cognitive Radio Networks (CRNs) are considered as a promising solution to the spectrum shortage problem in wireless communication. In this paper, we initiate the first systematic study on the algorithmic complexity of the connectivity problem in CRNs through spectrum assignments. We model the network of secondary users (SUs) as a potential graph, where two nodes having an edge between them are connected as long as they choose a common available channel. In the general case, where the potential
more » ... raph is arbitrary and the SUs may have different number of antennae, we prove that it is NP-complete to determine whether the network is connectable even if there are only two channels. For the special case where the number of channels is constant and all the SUs have the same number of antennae, which is more than one but less than the number of channels, the problem is also NP-complete. For the special cases in which the potential graph is complete, a tree, or a graph with bounded treewidth, we prove the problem is NP-complete and fixed-parameter tractable (FPT) when parameterized by the number of channels. Exact algorithms are also derived to determine the connectability of a given cognitive radio network.
arXiv:1301.0995v1 fatcat:obz7xuzpmfguroegwd36wqy75q