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To analyze the distribution pattern of nucleotide substitutions in human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), mutational spectra of the mitochondrial genes were reconstructed. The reconstruction procedure is based on the mutation distribution data for 47 monophyletic mtDNA clusters, to which 794 examined mtDNA sequences encoding for tRNAs, rRNAs, and mitochondrial proteins are attributed. One of specific features of mitochondrial mutational spectra revealed was homoplasy of the mutations (the meanpmid:15771256 fatcat:osnjibvovbbr7bualylwskpmru