Ibn 'Athiyyah wa Tarjîh fi al-Muḥarrar al-Wajîz

Rochmad Abdurrasyid
2017 Studia Quranika: Jurnal Studi Quran  
Ibnu Athiiyyah was one of the phenomenal figures in tafsir who wrote a renowned book on tafsir, titled "Al-Muharror Al-Wajiz fi Tafsiri Al-Kitab Al-Azizi". The uniqueness of this book is it's very simple languange and it's detailed study and consisitency in explaining with different styles when explaining. The author found that Ibnu Athiiyah used 8 explaining methods, such as explaining with verses of the Qur'an, Hadith, commentary from the companions and tabi'in, explaining with direct
more » ... n language, siyaq, qiro'at, with classical poetry, asbab an-nuzul and Arabic language. That is why his book was held in highsteem by the ulama of the past, especially from the ulama who didn't agree with interpretations that strayed far from it's direct meaning. And from a language perspective, Ibnu Athiiyyah is quite unique, in the fact that he usually utilised classical poetry, thus there are a thousand forms of poetry in Al-Muharror Al-Wajiz book. This is Ibnu Athiiyyah's magnum opus: Al-Muharror al-Wajiz, he is one of the most phenomenal figures ever produced from the western provinces of the Islamic empire. Abstrak Ibnu Athiyyah merupakan salah satu tokoh tafsir fenomenal yang mengarang buku tafsir yang berjudul,al-Muharrar Al-Wajîz. Kitab ini memiliki keunikan tersendiri, di mana Ibnu Athiyyah selain menulis dengan bahasa yang sangat sederhana dan detail dalam kajian, dia juga selalu konsisten dalam menarjih setiap pembahasan ayat yang dia  Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor Pusat, Gontor, Mlarak, Ponorogo, Jawa Timur, Indonesia. Jurnal STUDIA QURANIKA sajikan dalam tafsirnya, tentu saja dengan gaya tarjih yang berbeda pula. Akhirnya penulis mendapatkan, bahwa Ibnu Athiyyah menggunakan delapan elemen tarjih, di antaranya: tarjih dengan ayat al-Qur'an, hadits, perkataan Sahabah dan Tabi'in, tarjih dengan makna lahir bahasa al-Qur'an, siyaq, qirâ'ât, dengan syair klasik, asbâb an-nuzûl dan bahasa Arab. ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺼﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻋﻄﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ,‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ‬ ‫ﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻴﺰ".‬ ‫"ﺍﶈﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﳝﺘﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻧﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬  ‫ﺷﱴ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻮ:‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳊﺪﻳﺚ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻈﺎﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﲔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻴﻌﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱰﻭﻝ.‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ , ‫ﻣﻌﲎ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﲑﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻧﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﺢ‬
doi:10.21111/studiquran.v1i2.843 fatcat:af33rgrrm5egrp2znxjfc3ezku