Effect of physiotherapy on spinal alignment in children with postural defects

Anna Zmyślna, Wojciech Kiebzak, Arkadiusz Żurawski, Justyna Pogorzelska, Ireneusz Kotela, Tomasz Kowalski, Zbigniew Śliwiński, Grzegorz Śliwiński
2019 International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health  
Objectives: This paper assesses the effect of neurophysiological rehabilitation in children with postural defects on the depth of thoracic kyphosis, lateral spinal deviation and rotation of spinal motor segments. Material and Methods: A total of 201 patients aged 8-15 years old with a postural defect diagnosed by medical examination were enrolled. The analyzed parameters were determined using the DIERS system before the first therapeutic session and after 4 weeks of therapy. The angle of
more » ... The angle of thoracic kyphosis, lateral deviation of the spine and spinal rotation were assessed. The therapy employed techniques associated with the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and Vojta's approaches. The results were analyzed separately for both sexes and for patients rehabilitated solely with Vojta's techniques vs. patients rehabilitated according to combined Vojta's and PNF techniques. The χ 2 test was used for statistical analyses, at p < 0.05. Results: There was improvement in the angle of thoracic kyphosis, ranging from 0.14 (among boys with kyphosis < 42°) to 5.47 (among girls with kyphosis ≥ 42°), spinal rotation, from 0.37 (among boys with kyphosis ≥ 42°) to 4.33 (among patients with kyphosis ≥ 42° rehabilitated solely according to Vojta's method), and lateral deviations, ranging from 1.32 mm (among boys with kyphosis < 42°) to 2.99 mm (among patients with kyphosis ≥ 42° rehabilitated solely according to Vojta's method). Conclusions: Neurophysiological rehabilitation of patients with postural defects produced positive effects by improving the angle of thoracic kyphosis, spinal rotation and lateral deviation of the spine. Children with reduced thoracic kyphosis achieved less improvement in the kyphosis angle, lateral spinal deviation and spinal rotation than children with kyphosis ≥ 42°. The DIERS Formetric System enables precise monitoring of therapeutic outcomes. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(1):25 -32
doi:10.13075/ijomeh.1896.01314 fatcat:5bwomzjflfbsrfe2htqybvz24y