BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)
Feb. 26,18SI.] TIlE AB/UTISI) AfEDWCA. E 7O0URAMZD 311 a temperance'movement, which exercised a widely spread influence for the better; and, in the latter half of i85o, an increaseof the population commenced,and continued year by year untIl I870. The proportion of males to females was influenced by the abuse of alcohol. 'Formerly, the census always showed for the whole of Lapland a great excess of females over males; and this condition prevailed generally throughout the kingdom. In I870, the
... om. In I870, the census showed that the number of male Lapps had -greatly increased, there being i,ooo, to I,039 females; while the numbers 'in the whole kingdom were i,ooo males to I,067 females.' In the several parts of the province of Norrland, there was an absolute excess of males over females. The conclusions which the author considers himself justified in drawing from the statistics collected by him are the following. About the year I855, a comprehensive measure of reform produced a considerable reduction in the number of cases of disease and death due to the abuse of alcohol; but this reduction was for the first time distinctly evident in the first half of the decennial period commencing with I86o. In the later years of that decennial period, there was a very distinct improvement, which reached its height in I868, when the abuse of alcohol and its evil consequences were less than at any other time during the whole period of seventeen years. From 1872, :drunkenness again increased, and during 1874 and 1875 was greater than at any previous time since 1855. Again, in 1876, signs of diminution in the use of alcohol began to show themselves; and finally, in 1877, improvement had set in anew. These fluctuations, he says, must obviously have their source in varying economical conditions. MEDICAL REFORMI. A TRANSPARENT effort has been made by a writer, who adopts the signature of " A Registered Medical Practitioner", to lead the readers of the Times to suppose that the Medical Reform Bill, promoted by the professional conference recently held, representing the leading medical associations of Great Britain, is, in fact, a trades-union effort to obtain special advantages for the profession, and to cut dowvn university privileges. This' effort will deceive no one who is at all behind the scenes, and will certainly excite considerable professional indignation.