Higher order hierarchical curved hexahedral vector finite elements for electromagnetic modeling

M.M. Ilic, B.M. Notaros
2003 IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques  
A novel higher order finite-element technique based on generalized curvilinear hexahedra with hierarchical curl-conforming polynomial vector basis functions is proposed for microwave modeling. The finite elements are implemented for geometrical orders from 1 to 4 and field-approximation orders from 1 to 10 in the same Galerkin-type finite-element method and applied to eigenvalue analysis of arbitrary electromagnetic cavities. Individual curved hexahedra in the model can be as large as
more » ... ely 2 2 2 , which is 20 times the traditional low-order modeling discretization limit of 10 in each dimension. The examples show excellent flexibility and efficiency of the higher order (more precisely, low-to-high order) method at modeling of both field variation and geometrical curvature, and its excellent properties in the context of -refinement of solutions, for models with both flat and curved surfaces. The reduction in the number of unknowns is by an order of magnitude when compared to low-order solutions.
doi:10.1109/tmtt.2003.808680 fatcat:jjcheg5tnfaf5hgshu46gcs6xu