Establishment of an In Vitro LQT3 model Using Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from LQT3 Patient-Derived Cardiomyocytes [chapter]

Yoshiyuki Furutani, Emiko Hayama, Nanako Kawaguchi, Yasuhiro Katsube, Eiko Oomichi, Mitsuyo Shimada, Kei Inai, Toshio Nakanishi
2020 Molecular Mechanism of Congenital Heart Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension  
Cardiomyocytes derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) are used to evaluate the function and risk factors of genetic variations linked to congenital and adult heart diseases in human beings. Our purpose in this study was to establish an in vitro cardiac disease model from an immortalized B-cell line stock using patientspecific iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes. Long QT syndrome (LQTS) 3 is caused by a gain-of-function mutation in the SCN5A gene, resulting in a prolonged QT interval as well
more » ... as the development of early after-depolarizations (EADs). We generated LQT3-iPSC lines from immortalized B-cell lines transformed from peripheral blood obtained from a 24-day-old male (patient #1) and an 11-year-old female (patient #2), both diagnosed with type-3 LQTS due to SCN5A missense mutation (patient #1: exon 28, G4868A, R1623Q; patient #2: exon 20, G3578A, R1193Q). Several control iPSC lines were also created from samples collected from healthy candidates (26-36-year-old male and female). In both the generated patient iPSC lines, mutated genes were not altered after reprogramming, and normal karyotypes were observed. The pluripotency of all these iPSC lines was proven by in vivo teratoma formation and the expression of pluripotent stem cell marker genes and proteins. To evaluate the electrophysiological properties at the multicellular level, we studied the iPSC-derived cardiac cell layers with a microelectrode array mapping system (MED 64, Alpha MED Scientific Inc.). The recorded extracellular
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-1185-1_63 fatcat:zzeophbrmbhunhkriypdcisfji