Liver Failure in a Chinese Cystic Fibrosis Child With Homozygous R553X Mutation

Haiyan Li, Li Lin, Xiaoguang Hu, Changchong Li, Hailin Zhang
2019 Frontiers in Pediatrics  
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a relatively rare disease in Asians with various clinical characteristics, including CF-associated liver disease (CFLD), which is a common early non-pulmonary complication. This case report describes a Chinese CF patient harboring a homozygous nonsense mutation (c.1657C>T, p.R553X) who was failure to thrive and had intermittently diarrhea during the first year after birth. Liver function test of the patient showed the mildly and intermittently elevated alanine
more » ... erase (ALT) levels ranging from 70 to 92 U/L and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels ranging from 80 to 90 U/L, which began at 8 months of age and lasted for 4 years without CF diagnosis. In addition, abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed diffuse fatty infiltration of the liver at 4 years old and gradually developed hepatic cirrhosis. Subsequently, cirrhosis rapidly progressed with obvious splenomegaly and pancreatic insufficiency and the patient died of liver failure with coagulopathy by the age of 6 years old. Pediatricians should remain vigilant to avoid failure to diagnose CF, the occurrence of which may be underestimated, and pay greater attention to the patients with atypical clinical manifestations in Asian countries.
doi:10.3389/fped.2019.00036 pmid:30842938 pmcid:PMC6391319 fatcat:2seiqk772rdgnnuzhoj66ku4kq