An Attempt to Describe the Features of Patients with Chronic Renal Failure and the Factors Associated with This Disease among Hemodialysis Patients in A Hospital in Tehran in 2016
Iranian Journal of Epidemiology
and Objectives: Chronic renal failure (CRF) is an irreversible disorder of the renal function. The aim of this study was to describe the features of patients with chronic renal failure and the factors associated with this disease among hemodialysis patients in a hospital in Tehrn in 2016. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, patients presenting to the hemodialysis department of Shahid Ayatollah Ashrafi Esfahani Hospital who underwent continuous hemodialysis treatment for at least
... three months were studied. Data were gathered from the medical records of the patient s and, if necessary, additional interviews were conducted with the patients. Data were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics using the Stata software version 14. Results: Of 359 patients, 230 (64.07%) were male with a mean age of 58.1 ± 1.09 years. The frequency (frequency percentage) of the most commonly known possible causes of renal failure was hypertension 91 (25.35%), hypertension and diabetes 84 (23.43%), and diabetes 78 (21.73%). The mortality rate was higher in diabetic patients compared to non-diabetic patients (50% vs 38.55%). Conclusion: The main cause of chronic renal failure is hypertension and diabetes, and the mortality rate is higher in these patients than in other patients.