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The aromatic rhizomes of Acorus calamus L. are used extensively in traditional medicine worldwide. They reportedly relieve stomach cramps, dysentery and asthma, and are used as anthelmintics, insecticides, tonics and stimulants. Alcoholic rhizome extracts of A. calamus growing in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, were previously found to have anthelmintic and antibacterial activity. Using bioassay-guided fractionation, the phenylpropanoid β β-asarone was isolated from the rhizome. This compound wasdoi:10.1016/s0254-6299(16)30450-1 fatcat:t6nd5grdd5b4rgpnxnszm3uywq